Xanax (active substance is Alprazolam) is a prescription drug recommended for treatment of conditions characterized by excessive irritability, panic disorders and social anxiety disorders. Alprazolam, an active ingredient of Xanax, belongs to the group of benzodiazepines, systemic action drugs that inhibit irritability, cause sleepiness, relax muscles, prevent seizures, and affect short-term memory.
Benzodiazepines act on the brain, enhancing the effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid which has calming effect. Gamma-Aminobutyric acid is able to slow down or completely stop the transmission of certain signals in the brain. Therefore, Alprazolam (Xanax), as well as other benzodiazepines, is known primarily as a mild tranquilizer, sedative and CNS depressant.
Xanax is available in form of tablets and should be taken orally two or three times a day as prescribed. Take the medication with food or independently. If you have an upset stomach after taking the drug, try to administer it with food. Recommended dosage of Xanax depends on several factors, including patient’s diagnosis, age, overall health and concomitant diseases if any.
Xanax is used to relieve the symptoms of anxiety disorders. Recommended initial dose of the drug is a quarter of milligram or half milligram three times a day. Your doctor may recommend you to increase the dosage of Xanax gradually for better symptom management or, conversely, to decrease the dosage if the drug causes significant side effects.
For elderly patients or those who suffer from liver disease or other serious health problems, a starting dose of Xanax should not exceed a quarter of milligram from two to three times a day.
To manage the symptoms of panic syndrome, larger doses are usually prescribed, starting from half a milligram three times a day with a gradual increase in dose. This helps to reduce the risk of side effects.